Sources and references

  1. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). (2005). Toxicological profile for Arsenic. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. Available at:
  2. Cane, D. and Gayle, M. (2012). Safe handling of museum collections containing arsenic. ICON News, Issue 40 pp 18-20
  3. Hamann, B. (2006). Testing Cultural Material for Arsenic and Interpreting the Results: A Case Study at Carnegie Museum of Natural History. Collection Forum 20: 13-22
  4. Helwig, K. (1995). The reliability of spot tests for the detection of arsenic and mercury in natural history collections: a case study. Collection Forum 11: 6-15
  5. Health & Safety Executive. (2013). INDG4441 Arsenic & You: Working with arsenic are you at risk? Available at:
  6. Health & Safety Executive. (2018). EH40/2005 Workplace Exposure Limits. August 2018 ed. Available at:
  7. Lewis, R. J. (2007). Hawley’s Condensed Chemical Dictionary (Fifteenth Edition). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
  8. Marte, F., Amandine, P., and Von Endt D. W. (2006). Arsenic in Taxidermy Collections: History, Detection and Management, Collection Forum 21: 143-150
  9. National Park Service. (2000). Conserv O Gram number 2/3 September 2000; Arsenic Health and Safety Update. Available at:
  10. Odegaard, N., and Sadongi A. (2005). Old Poisons, New Problems: A Museum Resource for Managing Contaminated Cultural Materials. Oxford: Altamira Press
  11. Odergaard, N., Carroll S., and Zimmt W. S. (2005). Material characterization tests for objects of art and archaeology. London: Archetype Publications
  12. Public Health England. (2016). Arsenic – General Information. Available at:
  13. Sirois, P. J. (2001). The Analysis of Museum Objects for the Presence of Arsenic and Mercury: Non-Destructive Analysis and Sample Analysis, Collection Forum 16: 65-75