Sources and references

  1. Eastman Kodak Company. (2019). Storage and Handling of Processed Nitrate Film. Available at:
    https://www.kodak.com/GB/en/motion/support/technical_information/storage/storage_and_handing_of_processed_nitrate_film/default.htm
  2. Fischer M. and Robb A. (1993). Guidelines for Care & Identification of Film-Base Photographic Materials. Topics in Photographic Preservation, Volume 5. Photographic Materials Group of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic & Artistic Works. Available at:
    http://resources.conservation-us.org/pmgtopics/1993-volume-five/05_12_Fischer.pdf
  3. Fischer M. (2012). A Short Guide to Film Base Photographic Materials: Identification, Care, and Duplication. Preservation Leaflet 5.1. Northeast Document Conservation Center. Available at:
    https://www.nedcc.org/free-resources/preservation-leaflets/5.-photographs/5.1-a-short-guide-to-film-base-photographic-materials-identification,-care,-and-duplication
  4. Health & Safety Executive. (2013). The dangers of cellulose nitrate film (INDG469). Available at:
    http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg469.pdf
  5. Knapp K. and Vogt-O’Connor D. (2004). Caring for Cellulose Nitrate Film. Conserve O Gram Number 14/8. National Park Service. Available at:
    https://www.nps.gov/museum/publications/conserveogram/14-08.pdf
  6. National Science and Media Museum. (2011). Introduction to Nitrate Film. Available at:
    https://blog.scienceandmediamuseum.org.uk/introduction-nitrate-film/
  7. Reilly J. (2019). Nitrate Degradation. National Film Preservation Foundation. Available at:
    http://www.filmpreservation.org/preservation-basics/nitrate-degradation
  8. Shashoua Y. (2008). Conservation of plastics: materials science, degradation and preservation. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford.
  9. Valverde M. (1997). Methods for Evaluating the Deterioration of Nitrate Motion Picture Film. Topics in Photographic Preservation, Volume 7. Photographic Materials Group of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic & Artistic Works. Available at:
    http://resources.conservation-us.org/pmgtopics/1997-volume-seven/07_09_Valverde.pdf

A selection of useful online resources to aid with the identification of film bases:

  1. Film Base Identification - Decision Tree for Sheet Film, National Park Service
    https://www.nps.gov/Museum/coldstorage/pdf/2.3.1c2.pdf
  2. Film Base Identification from FilmCare.org, Image Permanence Institute
    https://www.filmcare.org/filmbaseid
  3. Tools for identifying 35mm and 16mm motion picture film, Brian Pritchard
    http://www.brianpritchard.com/IMPF.htm